His name is Pablo Diego Jose Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso. This is the long real name of Picasso that everyone is familiar with.
Picasso created a technique known as cubism, which brought a new way of looking at art to the art world.
He is also famous as a painter whose style changed rapidly, and each is referred to as a named period. The following is an explanation of the most famous "Blue Period" among them.
What is the Blue Period?
When Picasso was 19 years old, he was shocked by the suicide of his best friend, which would be expressed in his work.
Although the period known as the "Blue Period" lasted only a short time (1901-1904), it influenced many people. He painted mainly in blue, and his subjects were the blind, prostitutes, beggars, and other vulnerable people at the bottom of society.
Was he searching for some new way to express his emotions by expressing the negative feelings swirling inside him in his paintings? The works from Picasso's Blue Period seem to express death, anguish, despair, poverty, misery, and people abandoned by society in a melancholic manner.
Nowadays, the term of the Blue Period has become a generic noun to describe a lonely and anxious adolescence.
Works He Painted in the Blue Period
It is said that he painted his first work, The Death of Casagemas, during the Blue Period. He left even his deceased friend as a work of art. The outline of Casagemas' pale face is illuminated by candlelight. It is immensely sad for Picasso to depict the bullet hole in his forehead from a gunshot wound.
The work is called The Blue Room painted in 1901. It is also an important work as the beginning of the Blue Period.
It depicts the studio where he lived. There is a poster of Lautrec on the wall. It is said to have been greatly influenced by him.
This self-portrait is representative of the Blue Period. He was 20 years old at the time, but he looks very old.
Picasso's quiet gaze expresses the harshness of life he experienced early on, and his deep sadness and anguish in his mind. The delicately painted brown beard is an accent in this blue work.
It is called Mother and Child by the Sea, painted in 1902.
It was painted during Picasso's return to Barcelona, Spain, where his family lived. A mother holds her infant on her breast at night on the beach. It is said that this is the beach in front of the art school Picasso attended, a place Picasso remembers from his student days with his best friend Casagemas.
The robe worn by the mother is reminiscent of the blue cloak of the Virgin Mary, a Christian image that the Spaniards fervently adhered to. The figure of the mother stretching out her pale hand to offer a red flower to the sky is Picasso's prayer to his late friend Casajemas.
It is called The Blind Man's Meal, painted in 1903.
The left hand is illuminated to balance the brightness of the face. It also highlights the importance of the hand to the blind man. The man in this work was a painter despite being born blind.
Picasso was shocked by him and painted this work to understand the essence of what it means to be without sight.
This is a portrait of a woman named Celestina painted in 1904.
She is the mistress of a brothel, and her cruel expression is said to symbolize the encounter between the young Picasso and the harshness of reality.
The color of her face, which emerges from the blue tones, is beautiful and harmonizes well with the blue of the entire work. In addition, the deep blue of the coat further enhances the presence of the woman.
Why Did Picasso Use the Color Blue?
Various speculations have been made as to why he used blue, such as because blue paint was cheap, or because the colors of the sky and sea of his hometown, Malaga, remained in his mind.
He began painting in blue after the death of his friend, but in any case, he used the "blue" to depict the tragic and depressing aspects of life, such as grief, anguish, anxiety, despair, poverty, and people abandoned by society. It is said that Picasso, who was going to sell his paintings for a living, had a goal in mind, taking into account the psychology of the buyers of his works and the circumstances of the times. This may have been a factor in Picasso's success at a young age.
Blue was originally used in the West as the color of God and the color of nobility. In the Western painting tradition, blue was never represented in association with negative images such as melancholy or poverty. Thus, the image people had of blue at that time was the color of "far-off longing" and "hope.” He reflected such an image of blue held by people in his works, and painted works full of sorrow.
By using the color of God to express despair, grief, and the brokenhearted, he gave a sense of elegance and deep spirituality to his depressing and sad paintings.
Contemporary Paintings Using Blue
Picasso's influence has been carried over to the present day, with the image of blue becoming even broader and freer, and many contemporary artists have been creating variety of works using blue.
You can easily purchase such contemporary artists' works in blue at the following art EC mall.
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