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Van Gogh painted the following Gauguin painting. It is called "Paul Gauguin (Man in a Red Beret)."

It is said that Van Gogh's famous work, Sunflowers, was painted to welcome Gauguin. Gauguin also praised Van Gogh's sunflowers.

However, their values and artistic views did not mesh at all, and their relationship gradually deteriorated. It is said that Gauguin grew tired of Van Gogh's selfish and arrogant personality.

On the night of December 23, that legendary incedent occured. After Gauguin yelled at him, Van Gogh became so excited that he severed his left ear with a razor blade.

Van Gogh was then sent to the hospital and the two were never seen together again.

Numerous Works were Produced in Tahiti

Not much is said about Gauguin's life after the ear-cutting incident. However, during his stay in Tahiti, Gauguin produced many works that have come to be appreciated.

His purpose of this trip was to escape from anything and everything artificial and conventional. Nevertheless, he never strayed away from his old photographs and prints.

He built himself a bamboo hut and painted in his studio the following work, "Ia Orana Maria," which received the most acclaim.

Life Starting to Get Rough

Gauguin returned to Paris, but he became isolated in the Parisian art world and returned to Tahiti. It is said that he spent the next six years in Tahiti.

Having gained recognition as a painter, Gauguin became a major voice in Tahitian politics. He was also appointed editor-in-chief of a local newspaper, which was characterized by foul-mouthed attacks on the governor and the bureaucracy.

However, his health was poor, and he was hospitalized repeatedly. Everything was also not going well, including large debts from the bank.
It was in the midst of such disappointment that he completed the following work, "Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going?"

Gauguin himself acknowledged this work as his masterpiece. However, after its completion, Gauguin was not mentally stable enough to attempt suicide.

Many of the works he painted at this time sold for high prices and freed him from a life of debt. And he was able to spend his last months in Tahiti in elegance.

Arrested and Death

After spending six years in Tahiti, Gauguin visited the Marquis Islands. However, he was disliked by the inhabitants, because he had criticized the Catholic schools in the Marquesas and insisted that female students were not obliged to go to school.

Here, too, he built a new house and painted, but his health became worse and worse. He suffered from aching feet, heart palpitations, general weakness, and his eyesight deteriorated, and in the last self-portrait he is said to have painted, he wears glasses.

From then on, his deteriorating health made it almost impossible for him to paint.

In 1903, Gauguin began to denounce the incompetence and corruption of the island's national authority soldiers and their subordinates. However, he was conversely sued by them for libel and sentenced to a fine and three months' imprisonment.

He was preparing for an appeal to overturn the conviction.
Then, on May 8, 1903, his death came suddenly. A nearby resident found Gauguin dead. The cause was believed to be a heart attack.

The news of Gauguin's death did not reach France for more than six months. There was no will, and Gauguin's letters, manuscripts, and paintings were auctioned off. It is said that because his estate was disposed of so promptly, there is little information about him.

Although he was disliked by many people in his life full of setbacks, he traveled to various places and faced his works in solitude, expressing his own thoughts and feelings.

Gauguin's name has been handed down to the present day because some people recognized his talent and were strongly attracted to him.

The Impressionist influence that Gauguin brought to the world continues to spread regardless of time and country.

Impressionist-Influenced Artworks

Check out these Impressionist works by Japanese contemporary artists.